Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Process for Cotton Ginning and Textile Science and Engineering Systems Towards Inclusive Sustainable Development
Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer
Professional Engineer and Doctor, Counsellor of Open Learning Program in Entrepreneurship (The EDI of India), A-2/31, Kendriya Vihar-II, Paruthipattu, Avadi, Chennai-600 071, India
Abstract: Cotton spinning, weaving, knitting, colour and dye processing textile industries are called specific industrial production processing industries categorized as cotton textiles production process (Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer, 2017). Cotton ginning and pressing production processes are categorized as agricultural or generic industries (Vijayan Gurumurthy Iyer, 2019). The article discusses strategic environmental assessement (SEA) to integrate both the industrial specific and generic industries for inclusive sustainable development (ISD). In this research, Environmental health impact assessement (EHIA) process has been investigated in Indian cotton double roller (DR) ginning industries using chrome composite leather clad (CCLC) washers and design and development of an eco-friendly alternative (Iyer Vijayan Gurumurthy, 2007). The objective is to assess environmental health impacts of Indian cotton ginning industries(Iyer Vijayan Gurumurthy, 2007). As per Cotton dust and byssinosis among mill workers, cotton dust adsorbs chromium lint cotton coronavirus. Coronavirus impact assessment (CIA) can be defined as the systematic identification and evaluation of the potential impacts (effects) of proposed projects, plans, programs, or legislative actions relative to the physical-chemical, biological, biochemical, biomedical, cultural, anthropological, and socioeconomic components of the total environment. For example, case study and check have been discussed on the integration of quality and safety management in hospital industries for measurement, monitoring and control of infection criticality due to novel coronavirus pandemics and epidemics disasters towards sustainable international development. Sustainable environmental health impact and safety management in hospitals have been investigated that include pathogen exposure, working stress, psychological distress, fatigue, occupational burnout, stigma impact assessment, physical and psychological violence, lack of proper personal protection types of equipment (PPEs), lack of skilled training and awareness on quality and safety and sustainability. ISD is a kind of development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability and efficiency of future generations to meets their own needs. In this article, strategic environmental assessment (SEA) process for ginning and textile science and engineering systems have been discussed. Based on the author’s sustainable observations on the development of ginning and textile science, SEA process has been aimed to incorporate environmental and sustainability factors in to project planning and decision-making process for the case study and check of project formulation and appraisal to cotton roller ginning plant that included sustainable policies, programs, plans and legislative actions. The objective of SEA process is to provide for a high level of environmental protection and to promote ISD. Sustainable ginning agricultural and textile science and engineering systems have been discussed. Environmental considerations were required to be fully integrated in to preparation of plans and programs prior to adoption (Iyer Vijayan Gurumurthy, 2007). The SEA process protocol has been proposed for checking the quality of environmental and social assessments and management plans. This treaty and official government procedures of SEA process helpful for making much earlier in the decision-making process than EIA process. Therefore, it is key tool for inclusive sustainable development process. The objective of the study is to design and conceptualize SEA process based on National co-ordination for Engineering Council of India (ECI) during the research year (RY) 2019-2020. Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) process can be broadly defined as a study of the impacts of a proposed project, plan, project, policy or legislative action on the environment and sustainability. The design of study and checks are cross sectional (Iyer Vijayan Gurumurthy, 2007). SEA system is a potentially useful element of good environmental management and sustainable development; however, as currently practiced in processing technological industries, it is far from perfection. Emphasis should be given in industries on maintaining economic viability of the operation, while in turn taking care to preserve the ecological and social sustainability of the country. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process can be defined as the systematic study of the potential impacts (effects) of proposed projects, plans, programs, policies or legislative actions relative to the physical-chemical, biochemical, biomedical, biological, anthropological, cultural, and socioeconomic components of the total environment. The primary purpose of the EIA process is to encourage the consideration of the environment in Organizational’s planning and decision-making process (OPDM) and to arrive at actions that are environmentally compatible (Larry W. Canter, 1996). Cotton Ginning and Textile Material lifecycle analysis (LCA) has been conducted for identifying and measuring the impact of ginning and textile science and engineering systems on the environment by means of mass and energy balance methods. LCA considers the activities related to raw materials, transformation, ancillary materials, equipment, method, market, man power, production, use, disposal and ancillary equipment. As far as safety is concerned personal protective equipment and materials (PPEMs) that include garments, clothing, gloves, safety shoes, hard hats, safety glasses, shields, respirators, full aprons, safety belts, and other safety items which must be used by an individual. Such equipment is important for personal protection and for safety. It is the manager’s and supervisor’s responsibility to ensure that they are used. The enactment of worker’s compensation law and occupational disease law shall increase materially the cost of insurance to industry. The increased cost and the certainty with which it is applied will put a premium on accident-prevention work. This cost can be materially reduced by the installation of safety devices. Research experience has shown that approximately 80% of all the ginning and textile technological accidents are preventable.
Keywords: Assessment, coronavirus, ginning, impact, sustainability, textiles, development; sustainable innovation.